Bitcoin Optech #149: Relay Reliability Workshops And More
This week’s newsletter discussed the previously proposed transaction relay reliability workshop, updates to Bitcoin software and more.
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This week’s newsletter provides updates on the previously proposed transaction relay reliability workshop and CVE-2021-31876. Also included are our regular sections describing updates to services and client software, new releases and release candidates, and notable changes to popular Bitcoin infrastructure software.
- Relay reliability workshop scheduled: as mentioned in Newsletter #146, Antoine Riard will be hosting IRC-based meetings to discuss how to make unconfirmed transaction relay more reliable for contract protocols such as LN, coinswaps, and DLCs. The schedule is:
- Jun 15th, 19:00–20:30 UTC: guidelines about L2 protocols onchain security design; coordination of cross-layer security disclosures; full-RBF proposal
- June 22nd (same time): generic layer two fee bumping primitive (such as package relay)
- June 29th (same time): reserved for additional discussion
- CVE-2021-31876 BIP125 implementation discrepancy follow up: after the publication of last week’s newsletter, there was additional discussion about the discrepancy between BIP125 opt-in Replace-by-Fee (RBF) and Bitcoin Core’s implementation. Olaoluwa Osuntokun confirmed that the btcd full node implements BIP125 as specified, meaning it does allow child transactions to be replaced based on inherited signaling. Ruben Somsen noted that a hypothetical variation of spacechains, a type of one-way pegged sidechain, would be affected by the problem. On the other hand, Antoine “Darosior” Poinsot mentioned that the Revault vault architecture wouldn’t be affected.
Changes to services and client software
In this monthly feature, we highlight interesting updates to Bitcoin wallets and services.
- Blockchain.com supports segwit: v4.49.1 of Blockchain.com’s wallet adds the ability to create a wallet with native segwit send and receive support.
- Sparrow 1.4.0 released: Sparrow 1.4.0 adds the ability to create a child pays for parent (CPFP) transaction from the transaction list screen, user-defined fee amounts during coin selection, and various other improvements.
- Electrum 4.1.0 enhances Lightning features: Electrum 4.1.0 adds trampoline payments, multipath payments, channel backups, and other Lightning features. Additionally, this version of Electrum supports bech32m.
- BlueWallet v6.1.0 released: BlueWallet’s v6.1.0 release adds Tor support, SLIP39 support, and functionality for using PSBTs with HD watch-only wallets.
Releases and release candidates
New releases and release candidates for popular Bitcoin infrastructure projects. Please consider upgrading to new releases or helping to test release candidates.
- LND 0.13.0-beta.rc2 is a release candidate that adds support for using a pruned Bitcoin full node, allows receiving and sending payments using Atomic MultiPath (AMP), and increases its PSBT capabilities, among other improvements and bug fixes.
Notable code and documentation changes
Notable changes this week in Bitcoin Core, C-Lightning, Eclair, LND, Rust-Lightning, libsecp256k1, Hardware Wallet Interface (HWI), Rust Bitcoin, BTCPay Server, Bitcoin Improvement Proposals (BIPs), and Lightning BOLTs.
- Bitcoin Core #21462 adds tooling for attesting to outputs of Guix builds and verifying these attestations against those of others. After this change, Windows and macOS code signing remain the only missing piece before Guix builds reach feature-parity with Gitian builds.
- Bitcoin Core GUI #280 prevents displaying invalid Bitcoin addresses in an error dialog, eliminating the ability to display an arbitrary message in an official-looking dialog. A simple “invalid address” error is now displayed instead. (See the PR for illustrative before and after screenshots.)
- Bitcoin Core #21359 updates the fundrawtransaction, send and walletcreatefundedpsbt RPCs with a new include_unsafe parameter that can be used to spend unconfirmed UTXOs created by other users in the transaction. This allows fee bumping a transaction using CPFP and was added for that reason by a developer working on implementing anchor outputs in the Eclair LN node. The option should only be used when necessary, as unconfirmed transactions created by other users can be replaced, which may prevent any child transactions from being confirmed.
- LND #5291 improves the way LND ensures that PSBTs for funding transactions only spend segwit UTXOs. LN requires segwit UTXOs in order to prevent txid malleability from making refund transactions unspendable. LND previously checked this by looking for the WitnessUtxo field in the PSBT, but this field is technically optional for segwit UTXOs and so some PSBT creators don’t provide it. The updated code will use the provided value if present or, if it’s not present, scan the UTXO set for the necessary information.
- LND #5274 limits the maximum amount of funds the node reserves to allow CPFP fee bumping for anchor outputs to ten times the per-channel amount. For nodes with large numbers of channels, this limits their capital requirements. If they need to close more than 10 channels, they can use the funds received from closing one channel to close the next channel in a domino effect.
- LND #5256 allows reading the wallet passphrase from a file. This is mainly meant for container-based setups where the passphrase is already stored in a file, so using that file directly doesn’t create any additional security problems.
- LND #5253 adds support for Atomic Multipath Payment (AMP) invoices across high-level LND RPC commands such as SendPayment, AddInvoice, and SubscribeInvoice. AMP invoices are currently an LND-only feature and only accept HTLCs that have the AMP feature bits set as well as an AMP payload. This extends prior work that enabled use of AMP by providing manually specfied payment parameters to the SendPayment RPC.
- Libsecp256k1 #850 adds a secp256k1_ec_pubkey_cmp method that compares two public keys and returns which one of them sorts earlier than the other (or returns that they’re equal). This was proposed for use with BIP67 key sorting, in particular as used with the sortedmulti output script descriptor.
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